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Aims and Objectives

Aims

The aims of any MYP subject and of the personal project state in a general way
what the teacher may expect to teach or do, and what the student may expect to
experience or learn. In addition they suggest how the student may be changed by
the learning experience.
The aims of the teaching and study of sciences are to encourage and enable
students to:
  • develop inquiring minds and curiosity about science and the natural world
  • acquire knowledge, conceptual understanding and skills to solve problems and make informed decisions in scientific and other contexts
  • develop skills of scientific inquiry to design and carry out scientific investigations and evaluate scientific evidence to draw conclusions
  • communicate scientific ideas, arguments and practical experiences accurately in a variety of ways
  • think analytically, critically and creatively to solve problems, judge arguments and make decisions in scientific and other contexts
  • appreciate the benefits and limitations of science and its application in technological developments
  • understand the international nature of science and the interdependence of science, technology and society, including the benefits, limitations and implications imposed by social, economic, political, environmental, cultural and ethical factors
  • demonstrate attitudes and develop values of honesty and respect for themselves, others, and their shared environment.

Objectives

The objectives of any MYP subject and of the personal project state the
specific targets set for learning in the subject. They define what the learner
will be able to do, or do better, as a result of studying the subject.
The objectives of sciences listed below are final objectives and they describe
what students should be able to do by the end of the course. These objectives
have a direct correspondence with the final assessment criteria, A–F (see
“Sciences assessment criteria”).

A One world

This objective refers to enabling students to understand the
interdependence between science and society. Students should be aware of the
global dimension of science, as a universal activity with consequences for
our lives and subject to social, economic, political, environmental,
cultural and ethical factors.
At the end of the course, and within local and global contexts, students
should be able to:
  • describe and discuss ways in which science is applied and used to solve local and global problems
  • describe and evaluate the benefits and limitations of science and scientific applications as well as their effect on life and society
  • discuss how science and technology are interdependent and assist each other in the development of knowledge and technological applications
  • discuss how science and its applications interact with social, economic, political, environmental, cultural and ethical factors.

B Communication in science

This objective refers to enabling students to develop their communication
skills in science. Students should be able to understand scientific
information, such as data, ideas, arguments and investigations, and
communicate it using appropriate scientific language in a variety of
communication modes and formats as appropriate.
At the end of the course, students should be able to:
  • communicate scientific information using a range of scientific language
  • communicate scientific information using appropriate modes of communication
  • present scientific information in a variety of formats, acknowledging sources as appropriate
  • demonstrate honesty when handling data and information, acknowledging sources as appropriate
  • use where appropriate a range of information and communication technology applications to access, process and communicate scientific information.

C Knowledge and understanding of science

This objective refers to enabling students to understand the main ideas and concepts of
science and to apply them to solve problems in familiar and unfamiliar
situations. Students are expected to develop critical and reflective
thinking and judge the credibility of scientific information when this is
presented to them.
At the end of the course, students should be able to:
  • recognize and recall scientific information
  • explain and apply scientific information to solve problems in familiar and unfamiliar situations
  • analyse scientific information by identifying components, relationships and patterns, both in experimental data and ideas
  • discuss and evaluate scientific information from different sources (Internet, newspaper articles, television, scientific texts and publications) and assess its credibility.

D Scientific inquiry

This objective refers to enabling students to develop scientific inquiry
skills to design and carry out scientific investigations.
At the end of the course, students should be able to:
  • define the problem or research question to be tested by a scientific investigation
  • formulate a hypothesis and explain it using logical scientific reasoning
  • design scientific investigations that include variables and controls, material/equipment needed, a method to be followed, data to be collected and suggestions for its analysis
  • evaluate the method, commenting on its reliability and/or validity
  • suggest improvements to the method.

E Processing data

This objective refers to enabling students to record, organize and process
data. Students should be able to collect and transform data by numerical
calculations into diagrammatic form. Students should be able to analyse and
interpret data and explain appropriate conclusions.
At the end of the course, students should be able to:
  • collect and record data using appropriate units of measurement
  • organize and transform data into numerical and diagrammatic forms, including mathematical calculations and visual representation (tables, graphs and charts)
  • present data in a variety of ways using appropriate communication modes and conventions (units of measurement)
  • analyse and interpret data by identifying trends, patterns and relationships
  • draw conclusions supported by scientific explanations and a reasoned interpretation of the analysis of the data.

F Attitudes in science

This objective goes beyond science and refers to encouraging attitudes and
dispositions that will contribute to students’ development as caring and
responsible individuals and members of society.
This objective is set in the context of the science class but will pervade
other subjects and life outside school. It includes notions of safety and
responsibility when working in science as well as respect for and
collaboration with others and their shared environment.
During the course, students should:
  • carry out scientific investigations using materials and techniques safely and skillfully
  • work effectively as members of a team, collaborating, acknowledging and supporting others as well as ensuring a safe working environment
  • show respect for themselves and others, and deal responsibly with the living and non-living environment.